1. Development Status
In 2016, Nanjing's total cargo transportation volume was 314.6084 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 5.5%. The highway transportation volume was 133.41 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 7.9%; the waterway transportation volume was 138.12 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 3.7%; the railway transportation volume was 12.9938 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 2.6%; the air transportation volume was 76,100 tons, with a year-on-year growth of 8.6%; the pipeline transportation volume was 30.0085 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 4.8%. The airport cargo and mail throughput was 0.3412 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 4.75%, and the cargo throughput of ports was 227.68 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 2.5%. In addition, the citywide total passenger traffic volume in 2016 was 163.0086 million passengers, with a year-on-year growth of 2.3%.
The positioning of Nanjing's logistics industry is as follows:
(1) National and global node city for logistics Nanjing is a comprehensive national transportation hub; that is, it connects East China with West China and links South China with North China. The city boasts airlines and shipping lines that connect to regions at home and abroad. Over the next decade, Nanjing will further consolidate its position as a national logistics node city and actively move toward being a global logistics node city.
(2) Logistics and transshipment hub in the Yangtze River Basin The Port of Nanjing is an important inland and overseas cargo transshipment port. It is the terminal port where large-scale seagoing vessels of over 10,000 tons enter the Yangtze River, and a river-sea transshipment center of cargoes such as energy and raw materials in the Yangtze River Delta and the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River. When the -12.5 meter deep-water channel that extends to Nanjing is completed, Nanjing will be the international deep-water port that comes closest to the inland and a comprehensive river-sea transshipment hub that connects China to the world.
(3) Logistics distribution center in the Nanjing Metropolitan Region As the commercial trade, transportation, and economic center of the Nanjing Metropolitan Region, Nanjing gathers, transships, and distributes materials throughout the region. Nanjing will further strengthen its position as a core city of the Nanjing Metropolitan Region and build itself into a logistics distribution center for the entire region.
2. Development Advantages
(1) Enhanced social and economic strengths of Nanjing The city's GDP grew from RMB 206.7 billion in 2004 to RMB 1.050302 trillion in 2016. The added value of the primary sector was RMB 25.251 billion, up by 1.0%; that of the secondary sector was RMB 411.720 billion, up by 5.3%, of which RMB 358.172 billion was the added value of the industry, up by 4.8%; that of the tertiary sector was RMB 613.331 billion, up by 10.2%. Using the resident population for the calculation, the annual GDP per capita was RMB 127,264, or USD 19,160 (based on the average annual foreign-exchange rate).
(2) Ideal geographical location and environment As a node city of One Belt, One Road, a gateway city of the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, and a central city in the Yangtze River Delta, Nanjing is an important comprehensive national transportation hub and logistics node city, an important comprehensive national industrial production base, and an important merchandise trade and distribution center in East China. Nanjing is also a hub city at the intersection of the main transportation passages between the East and the West, the passage along the Yangtze River and the main transportation passages between the South and the North, and Beijing-Shanghai railway, hence the name "door of the east and west, throat of the south and north."
(3) Dynamic and booming hinterland economy The direct hinterland of Nanjing covers the Nanjing Metropolitan Region, and the indirect hinterland covers Jiangsu, Anhui, and the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River.
(4) Sound modern industrial system Nanjing is an important comprehensive industrial production base in China. After many years' development, Nanjing has formed the industrial pattern that is backed up by electronic information, petrochemical, automobile manufacturing, and iron and steel industries, supported by emerging industries such as software and service outsourcing, smart grid, wind power and photovoltaic, and rail transit industries, and featured by the coordinated development of advanced manufacturing and modern service industries. Nanjing has formed industrial development vehicles that consist of four national development zones, six provincial development zones, and six industrial parks for entrepreneurship and innovation. Large-capacity export-oriented industrial clusters have basically taken shape.
3. Development Goals and Priorities
According to the Nanjing Municipal Medium- and Long-term Plan for Development of the Logistics Industry (2016-2025) and the development idea of "laying solid foundations, establishing platforms, adjusting the structure, promoting reforms, and supporting development", Nanjing will base itself on the Nanjing Metropolitan Region, radiate out to the world, cover Asia-Pacific, and serve the Yangtze River Delta. Relying on the new driving force for development of the logistics industry, Nanjing will firmly grasp new opportunities, explore new forms of business needs, directly face new challenges, and achieve the core development goal of "increase value, improve efficiency, reduce costs, and establish systems" to promote overall prosperity and booming development of Nanjing’s logistics industry.
Increase value: Expand the amount of total logistics for the entire society and improve the added value of the logistics industry. By 2025, the added value of the logistics industry will exceed RMB 140 billion. The total amount of logistics for the entire society will exceed RMB 6 trillion, and the freight volume of the entire society will be more than 600 million tons. Improve efficiency: Improve the operational efficiency of logistics and economies of scale. By 2025, the proportion of third-party logistics in the logistics market will increase to 30%, and there will be 20 new provincial key logistics enterprises. Reduce costs: Decrease the ratio of total logistics costs for the entire society to the GDP. By 2025, decrease the ratio of the total logistics cost for the entire society to 14.8% of the GDP. Establish systems: Establish a secure, efficient modern logistics development system with a clear hierarchy by 2025.
4. Supportive Policies
According to the Nanjing Municipal Medium- and Long-term Plan for Development of the Logistics Industry (2016-2025), Nanjing will further simplify the approval system, intensify land guarantees for logistics facilities, create a good environment for talent, optimize the credit appraisal system, improve the logistics statistics monitoring system, and actively pursue national, provincial, and municipal policy support.
In terms of funding, Nanjing will intensify financial support for development of the modern logistics industry and provide municipal logistics industry development funds to mainly support construction of a logistics infrastructure, construction of smart logistics, and development of modern logistics enterprises. Nanjing will actively organize enterprises and projects to apply for relevant national logistics support funds and strive for favorable fiscal and tax policies. Nanjing will coordinate the use of funds for the logistics industry, set up funds for developing the industry, increase revenue for the industry through multiple channels, and encourage private capital to invest in the logistics field. Nanjing will also accelerate the establishment of a multilevel guarantee system covering financial funds and social capital as well as formulating preferential policies for risk compensation, and uniformly intensify support for bond issuance by logistics enterprises. Moreover, Nanjing will encourage enterprises to actively apply for loans from the World Bank and governments of other countries and will support the financing and leasing business conducted by logistics enterprises.
5. Primary Vehicles
Nanjing Longtan Logistics Base, Nanjing Lukou Airport Logistics Park, and Nanjing Jiangbei Chemical Logistics Park